Sociology chapter 6

Question Answer
Characteristics of a group: regularly in contact with one another, Share some ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving, take one another behavior into account, one or more interests or goals in common.
Authority The legitimate or socially approved use of power.
Primary relationships Interactions that are intimate, personal, caring, and fulfilling.
Coercion Interaction in which individuals or groups are forced to behave in particular a way.
Conformity behavior that matches group expectations.
Competition interaction in which individuals or groups combine their efforts to reach a goal.
Social Exchange A voluntary action performed int eh expectation of getting a reward in return.
Primary Group People who are emotionally close, know one another well, and seek one another’s company.
Secondary Group People who share only part of their lives while focusing on a goal or task.
Bureacracies A formal organization based on rationality and efficiency.
Formal Group It has a bigger organization or group of people for example churches, schools or hospitals. There is a definite hierarchy and structure.
Informal Group a group within the formal group (teachers) put together by management of formal groups to accomplish a task.
In Group Exclusive group demanding intense loyalty.
Out group Group targeted by an in group for opposition, antagonism, or competition.
Social Category People who share a social characteristic.
Social Aggregate People temporarily in the same place at the same time.
Groupthink self deceptive thinking that is based on conformity to group beliefs, and created by group pressure to conform.
Reference Group Group used for self evaluation and the formation of attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms.
Iron Law of Oligarchy Theory that power increasingly becomes concentrated in the hands of a few members of any organization.
Characteristic of Domination Physical force, imprisonment, ridicule.

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